Lev Kuleshov (born on January 13th 1899 in Tambov, Russian Empire- now Russia, and died on March 29th 1970 in Moscow, Soviet Union- now Russia) was a film director, screenwriter and theoretician. Kuleshov established as well as taught at the world’s first film school, the Moscow Film School. It can be said that he is one of the first film theorists and was a pioneer of the Soviet montage theory, which he developed before Sergei Eisenstein and Vsevolod Pudovkin’s theories of editing. For Kuleshov, editing and the juxtaposition of one shot with another were at the heart of cinema. In fact, the film editing effect known as the Kuleshov Effect was coined by Kuleshov himself. This editing exercise refers to the intercutting of shots of an actor with various meaningful images in order to highlight how editing can change one’s understanding and interpretation of images. Kuleshov not only worked on film theories, he was also an active filmmaker of feature-length films until 1943. From then on, Kuleshov served as the academic rector to the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography.
A film by Lev Kules̆ov